Theosophy is “Divine Wisdom” (Theosophia), from the Ancient Greek theos, meaning “god," and sophia, “wisdom," and is identical to Brahma Vidya, meaning divine knowledge. It is also known as Gupta Vidya, Esoteric Philosophy, Occult Science, and the Secret Doctrine among others. In “The Key to Theosophy” it is said that the name first originated with the Alexandrian philosophers, called lovers of truth, Philaletheians, dating back to the third century of our era, and began with Ammonius Saccas and his disciples, who started the Eclectic Theosophical System. The object of this system was, first of all, to inculcate certain great moral truths upon its disciples and all those who were “lovers of the truth." Hence the motto adopted by the Theosophical Society:
"There is no religion higher than truth."
The following is quoted from the article Theosophy Generally Stated by William Q. Judge, one of the original founders of The Theosophical Society:
The claim is made that an impartial study of history, religion and literature will show the existence from ancient times of a great body of philosophical, scientific and ethical doctrine forming the basis and origin of all similar thought in modern systems. It is at once religious and scientific, asserting that religion and science should never be separated. It puts forward sublime religious and ideal teachings, but at the same time shows that all of it can be demonstrated to reason, and that authority other than that has no place, thus preventing the hypocrisy which arises from asserting dogmas on authority which no one can show as resting on reason. This ancient body of doctrine is known as the “Wisdom Religion” and was always taught by adepts or initiates therein who preserve it through all time. Hence, and from other doctrines demonstrated, it is shown that man, being spirit and immortal, is able to perpetuate his real life and consciousness, and has done so during all time in the persons of those higher flowers of the human race who are members of an ancient and high brotherhood who concern themselves with the soul development of man, held by them to include every process of evolution on all planes. The initiates, being bound by the law of evolution, must work with humanity as its development permits. Therefore from time to time they give out again and again the same doctrine which from time to time grows obscured in various nations and places. This is the wisdom religion, and they are the keepers of it. At times they come to nations as great teachers and “saviours,” who only re-promulgate the old truths and system of ethics. This therefore holds that humanity is capable of infinite perfection both in time and quality, the saviours and adepts being held up as examples of that possibility.
r/Original_Theosophy – The purpose of this subreddit is to discuss and promote the study of the original teachings of Theosophy, i.e. the works of H.P. Blavatsky and William Q. Judge.
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